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Worm Composting



Nutrient Disorders       Soil pH 

Worm Composting is a method of turning organic waste into a rich, dark, viable compost using earth worms. Worm composting can be done indoors or outdoors, thus allowing year round composting. The compost is made in a container filled with moistened bedding and Red WormsLive Red Worms.

Add your food waste for a period of time, and the worms and micro-organisms will eventually convert the entire contents into rich compost . Setting up a worm bin isn't difficult. All you need is a suitable plastic ,wood or glass container, Suitable materials, and of course worms.

Any worms commonly labeled "Earthworms" will suffice ..however The earthworm best suited to worm composting are the Red Worms: (a/k/a red wiggler, or manure worm)

Once you've found a suitable container It will be necessary to create a damp bedding for the worms to thrive in, and to bury food waste in.

Outdoor DIY worm compost bin

Suitable materials are

Shredded newspaper

Shredded fall leaves




If possible try to vary the materials in the bin to provide more nutrients for the worms, and to create a richer worm compost. Add a couple of handfuls of sand or soil for necessary grit for the worm's digestion .

Moisten the dry bedding before putting the worms in your bin, It should be moist NOT saturated. The bin should be about three-quarters full of moistened bedding. Create air spaces to help to eliminate odors, and provide free movement to the worms.

Compost food scraps such as fruit and vegetables , tea bags and coffee grounds, and misc. kitchen scraps.. exclude meat and dairy

University of Maine OrganicGarden 123

Worm Bin Layers

Stacking Worm Bin Layers

Eggshells as Fertilizer   |      Urine as Fertilizer

Coffee Grinds as Fertilizer    |      Fertilizer Labels