Controlling Beetles

Identification and Control of Beetles

 

 Beetles that attack Garden Plants and Crops

Asparagus Beetle Colorado Potato Beetle Cucumber Beetle



Flea Beetles Harlequin Bug Red-Neck Cane Borer



Sap Beetles Squash Bugs Tarnished Plant Bug



Bean Beetle Weevils Image Gallery


 




Flea Beetle is a generic name applied to many species of small jumping beetles commonly seen early in the gardening season. They are somewhat elongated to oval in shape, and vary in color, pattern, and size. There are dozens of varieties.

Flea beetles are a difficult pests to manage causing headaches for the most avid gardeners, various varieties attack eggplant, seedlings of tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, radishes, and corn.

CedarcideCedarcide is an effective deterrent of flea Beetles and a large array of other insect pests.




Sap Beetles are mostly small black or dark insects that are flattened and broadly oval. Most feed on plant sap that exudes from wounds on ripe and decaying fruit or fungi.

Harvest tomatoes, melons, berries and other produce as soon as they ripen. Remove any damaged, diseased, or overripe fruits and vegetables at regular intervals. The collecting of ripe and decomposing fruits and vegetables is needed to eliminate beetle food sources.




Asparagus Beetles adults are a blue/black beetle with a red underside and yellow spots. The larvae are a soft, green /Yellow grub . Both feed on asparagus spears by chewing the tips and spear surfaces which leads to scarring and staining of the spears.

Eggs are laid on developing spears with the eggs being small, elongated and black - sticking out lengthwise from the side of asparagus spears.

Early control of beetles is important to reduce feeding damage later.



The Colorado Potato Beetle is a robust beetle with five yellow and black stripes on back. Larva is reddish-orange, humpbacked with two rows of black spots on each side.

They prefer to feed on potato, eggplant and tomato. Rotate these preferred hosts with other crops in alternate years.

Effective Predator insects are Lady Bugs which devour Colorado potato beetle eggs.




The Rednecked Cane Borers are a serious pest of raspberries , blackberries and related fruit and bramble. Adult rednecked cane borers attack foliage, feeding on the upper leaf surfaces during the day leaving irregular holes.

Larvae feed on primo canes and form irregular galls from 1 to 3 inches in length which often causes splitting of the bark. Infested canes die or become so weakened they cannot support a crop the following season. Rednecked cane borers may infest as much as 50 percent of the canes in one or two year old plantings.

Bacillius thuringiensis[Bt] is highly effective against the larvae stage and should be applied as soon as the larvae are first noticed or suspected.




There are two different types of Cucumber Beetle . The striped form and it's cousin the spotted cucumber beetle also known as the southern corn rootworm. they are basically identical except that it features a dozen black spots instead of stripes. Another well-known family member is the corn rootworm.

Whether spotted or striped, both are the same size and the same, greenish-yellow color, and both dine on a wide variety of cucumber and related vegetables as well as various ornamentals , roses and dahlias for dessert.

Cantaloupe, squash, pumpkin, gourd, melons, other species of cucurbits., beans, corn, peanuts, potatoes, are also on it's menu.. What a balanced diet ! Probably the most serious damage by cucumber beetles is transmission of bacterial wilt. In the worst case scenario this disease can wipe out your Garden . The striped and the spotted cucumber beetle both can carry the bacteria.

Damage caused by Cucumber beetles includes Seedling destruction, Flower & Foliage damage, Root Feeding and Disease transmission.




The Harlequin Bug also known as the cabbage bug, calicoback and calico bug.

The adult black, shield-shaped bug is covered with orange, red, and yellow markings. It varies in size, but is generally no more than 3/8 inch.

The barrel-shaped egg, laid in clusters on crucifer foliage, is light gray to pale yellow with two black bands . The nymph is similar to the adult in coloration, but is smaller and lacks wings.

Found from coast to coast in North America , but no further North than Southern Ontario and Maine. It does its primary damage in the southern states.

Harlequin bugs will feed on squash, corn, bean, asparagus, okra,tomato, cabbage turnip ,Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, collard, mustard, radish,

Neem Oil prevents the larvae from developing normally and is also a good alternative for later larval stages.



Squash Bugs are Flat-backed. winged, brown/ black, occasionally mottled with tan / gray or light brown. (Fig.1)

Young squash bugs, are a muddled white to green/gray, with black legs. Newly hatched nymphs have a green abdomen, red legs, and antennae . Shortly after hatching (with in a day), red parts become black.

Nymphs pass through 5 stages (instars) requiring 4-6 weeks before reaching maturity. Late instars are of a dark, greenish-gray color.

The squash bug is frequently misidentified as a stinkbug . Their appearance is similar and both emit a distinct foul "stink" either when crushed, or congregating in large numbers.

Eggs are laid on the undersides of leaves in clusters of a dozen or more . Egg laying continues until midsummer. The orange-yellow eggs, each about one-sixteenth of an inch in length, appear in neatly ordered rows . They gradually change to a bronze color before hatching.Only one generation develops each year and new adults do not mate until the following spring.

Squash bugs can be found clustered beneath damaged leaves, or in any protective groundcover. They feed by sucking sap from the leaves and stems while injecting a toxic substance into the plant causing a wilting known as Anasa wilt of cucurbits.




The Tarnished Plant Bugs is a common sap-feeding insect attacking a wide range of plants. Beans, beets, cauliflower, cabbage, chard, celery,cucumber, potato, turnip, salsify, and dill; apple, peach, pear,strawberry,blueberries and most other deciduous and small fruits.

It can cause considerable damage to vegetables and fruits by puncturing young fruits before they mature. These damaged areas do not develop along with the rest of the fruit/vegetable, resulting in misshapen produce . The damage may range from slight deformation to complete loss . Adults and nymphs both inject poison into young stems, buds, and fruit. It sucks on blossom stems as well. They carry fire blight disease and infect plants as they feed. Black spots and pitting can be seen on the stem, tips, buds, and fruit.



The Mexican Bean Beetle adults and larvae of this species will cause major crop damage to beans. They feed on both the leaves and bean pods . In heavy infestations, the tissue between the leaf veins may be completely skeletonized .

Adult bean beetles are pale yellow to copper colored with 16 black spots on their outer wings. They are sometimes mistaken for a lady bug. Adults lay egg clusters in early summer, the yellow eggs will appear on the underside of the leaves. As the eggs hatch yellow larvae covered with black-tipped spines emerge and commence devouring plants. The larval stages are responsible for the greatest damage to bean crops. They feed on the underside of the leaves for four to five weeks before they pupate. Adult beetles emerge within a week.




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